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Foreign population

An overview

Over 5 million foreign citizens were enrolled on municipal population registers at 1 January 2016 (0.2 percent more than in the previous year), the equivalent of 8.3 percent of the total number of residents. Women are 52.6 percent of the total amount.

Since 2011 Italy has registered a decrease of inflows of non-Eu citizens. In 2015 238,936 new permits were issued. The majority of permits is for work and family reasons.

The gap between unemployment rates between nationals and non-nationals is becoming smaller: in 2015 the employment rate of non-nationals aged 20-64 reached 62.4 percent as against 60.3 percent for Italians. Participation in the labour market of non-nationals is characterised by deep gender gaps with lower employment rates among non-national women compared to men (52.3 and 74.4 respectively).

The unemployment rate decreased among both nationals and non-nationals, though the latter still registered higher rates (16.2 percent as against 11.4 percent for Italians); conversely, the inactivity rate of persons aged 15-64 was still lower than for Italians (29.7 percent as against 36.7 percent).

The level of education among non-nationals isĀ  lower than among Italians: the share of non-nationals aged 15-64 with at least lower secondary education amounted to 50 percent, while 10.8 percent completed tertiary education (16.0 percent for Italians).